The Last Will and Testament (The R.A.M.S. Library of Alchemy by Basilius Valentinus,Philip Wheeler

By Basilius Valentinus,Philip Wheeler

Basil Valentine’s final Will and testomony includes numerous reasons and clarifications of his previous writings. From the preface, “[This is] the main imperative, very good, and simple of all his works; and that i could justly say, of the entire Books which are extant in this subject.”
Of specific curiosity are his factors of The Twelve Keys of Basil Valentine, which has lengthy confused researchers into the paintings of Alchemy. during this part, Basil says, "The issues I do write of, i do know experimentally to be true."
The textual content includes information of his real experiments, either successes and screw ups, together with the training of the Stone of the Philosophers. there's a step-by-step rationalization of the method for the coaching of the Aurum Potable, during which Basil writes partly five, "My goal is to make an ideal relation of aurum potable, for the good thing about solid and figuring out men." one other kind of aurum potable can also be offered, and a half-aurum potable, with equipment for its guidance, plus the practise of potable silver.
The Manuals, or guide operations, are largely defined after e-book five. One instance is the education of the candy Essence of Vitriol, and a few of its makes use of are defined: "This Essence of Sulphur, 4 grains of it being taken in Balm-water, dries up the undesirable humors of the blood, strengthens and incites women and men to Copulation, cleans the womb, hinders the emerging of the mum, and breeds solid Seed for the Procreation of Children."
The final Will and testomony is an amazingly transparent paintings on Alchemy, and that i suggest it highly.

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Scientific Controversies: A Socio-Historical Perspective on by Dominique Raynaud

By Dominique Raynaud

In medical Controversies, Dominque Raynaud exhibits how geared up debates within the sciences aid us identify or make certain our wisdom of the area. If debates concentrate on shape, clinical controversies are equivalent to public debates that may be understood in the framework of theories of clash. in the event that they specialize in content material, then such controversies need to do with a selected task and handle the character of technology itself. realizing the foremost concentration of a systematic controversy is a primary step towards realizing those debates and assessing their merits.Controversies of detailed socio-historic context, disciplines, and features are tested: Pasteur's germ idea and Pouchet's thought of spontaneous new release; vitalism endorsed at Montpellier as opposed to experimental medication in Paris; the technological know-how of optics in regards to the propagation of visible rays; the origins of relativism (the Duhem-Quine problem). pertaining to the paintings of Boudon, Popper, and others, Raynaud places ahead an incrementalist idea in regards to the development of technological know-how via clinical controversies.The debates Raynaud has chosen percentage in universal their pivotal significance to the historical past of the sciences. via knowing the function of controversy, we higher comprehend the functioning of technological know-how and the stakes of the modern medical debates.

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Rational Changes in Science: Essays on Scientific Reasoning by Joseph C. Pitt,Marcello Pera

By Joseph C. Pitt,Marcello Pera

the issues OF clinical RATIONALITY type is a fickle mistress. merely the day gone by medical rationality loved substantial recognition, attention, or even reverence between phi­ losophers; "but brand new type leads us to despise it, and the matron, rejected and deserted as Hecuba, complains; modo maxima rerum, tot generis natisque potens - nunc trahor exui, inops", to quote Kant for our function, who pointed out Ovid for his. like any style, ours additionally has its paradoxical features, as John Watkins thoroughly reminds in an essay during this quantity. Enthusiasm for technological know-how used to be excessive between philosophers while major clinical effects have been typically a promise, it declined while that promise grew to become an indisputable truth. however, as with the decline of any style, even the insurrection opposed to medical rationality has a few moderate grounds. If the style of the philosophical neighborhood has replaced lots, it isn't because of an incident or a whim. This quantity isn't really concerning the background of and purposes for this alteration. as an alternative, it offers a view of the recent rising photo of clinical rationality in either its philosophical and historic elements. particularly, the purpose of the contributions collected this is to target the idea that round which the discussions approximately rationality have ordinarily taken position: clinical change.

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Pharmaceutical Policy in Countries with Developing by Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

By Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar

A finished and granular perception into the demanding situations of marketing rational drugs, this publication serves as an important source for wellbeing and fitness coverage makers and researchers drawn to nationwide drugs guidelines. Country-specific chapters have a standard layout, starting with an summary of the health and wellbeing procedure and regulatory and coverage environments, sooner than discussing the problems in conserving a medications offer procedure, demanding situations in making sure entry to reasonable drugs and matters impacting on rational medication use. quite a few case experiences also are used to spotlight key concerns and every bankruptcy concludes with country-specific suggestions to the problems raised. Written by way of very popular lecturers, the publication contains nations in Africa, Asia, Europe, the center East and South America.

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Lebensweisheit. Versuch einer Glückseligkeitslehre Fragen by Moritz Schlick,Mathias Iven

By Moritz Schlick,Mathias Iven

Ethischen Problemen hat Moritz Schlick zeitlebens große Aufmerksamkeit entgegen gebracht, insbesondere den Fragen nach dem Sinn des Lebens und nach der Konstituierung einer allgemein zu akzeptierenden ethical. Die Schriften "Lebensweisheit" (1907) und "Fragen der Ethik" (1930) bilden sozusagen die Eckpunkte seiner bereits seit Anfang des 20. Jahrhunderts entwickelten Auffassung von der Ethik als einer psychologisch begründeten Lust- und Glückseligkeitslehre.

Die Texte basieren auf den Originalausgaben und wurden anhand der nachgelassenen Manuskripte bzw. Typoskripte textkritisch bearbeitet und kommentiert. Durch den Kontext der Werke ergeben sich neue und wertvolle Einsichten in die Entwicklung von Schlicks ethisch-moralischem Denken.

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The Imagineers of War: The Untold Story of DARPA, the by Sharon Weinberger

By Sharon Weinberger

Based on specific interviews with senior Pentagon officers and formerly unseen declassified records, this can be the definitive heritage of the safeguard complex examine initiatives Agency--the Pentagon organisation that has quietly formed struggle and know-how for almost sixty years.

Founded in 1958 according to the release of Sputnik, the agency’s unique challenge was once to create “the unimagined guns of the future.” Over the a long time, DARPA has been liable for numerous innovations and applied sciences that reach well past army know-how. Sharon Weinberger supplies us a riveting account of DARPA’s successes and screw ups, its notable thoughts, and its wild-eyed schemes. We see how the specter of nuclear Armageddon sparked funding in machine networking, resulting in the web, in addition to to an offer to energy a missile-destroying particle beam via draining the nice Lakes. We learn the way DARPA used to be accountable in the course of the Vietnam struggle for either Agent Orange and the advance of the world’s first armed drones, and the way after Sept. 11 the organization sparked a countrywide controversy over surveillance with its data-mining study. And we see how DARPA’s luck with self-driving automobiles was once via disappointing contributions to the Afghanistan and Iraq wars.

Weinberger has interviewed a couple of hundred former Pentagon officers and scientists considering DARPA’s projects—many of whom have by no means spoken publicly approximately their paintings with the agency—and pored over numerous declassified files from documents round the kingdom, files acquired below the liberty of knowledge Act, and particular fabrics supplied through assets. The Imagineers of War is a compelling and groundbreaking background during which technology, expertise, and politics collide.

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Freiheit der Wissenschaft (German Edition) by Friedemann Voigt

By Friedemann Voigt

technological know-how and clinical improvement are more and more topic to differentiations and specializations which are ever tougher to speak to most of the people. this is often mirrored in doubts in regards to the freedom of technological know-how and, conversely, in efforts to actualize it as a major source of society. Freedom of technology has hence turn into the focus of assorted complicated issues and is right here tested from the point of view of physics, medication, legislations, philosophy of technology and ethics.

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Science and Eccentricity: Collecting, Writing and Performing by Victoria Carroll

By Victoria Carroll

The notion of eccentricity used to be valuable to how humans within the 19th century understood their global. This monograph is the 1st scholarly historical past of eccentricity. Carroll explores how discourses of eccentricity have been demonstrated to make feel of people who didn't appear to healthy inside an more and more prepared social and fiscal order. She makes a speciality of the self-taught common thinker William Martin, the fossilist Thomas Hawkins and the taxidermist Charles Waterton.

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History of Technology Volume 33 by Ian Inkster

By Ian Inkster

whereas political and social historians have made nice growth in attempting to comprehend the making of contemporary Greece through learning * politics and gear struggles, little awareness has been given TO the co-evolution of the Greek country and the applied sciences that have been constructed in this interval. This quantity is helping fills this hole, exploring the formation of the Greek nation and the development of 'modern' Greece in the course of the lens of the background of know-how and undefined. The members examine the position of engineering associations, the clicking and of infrastructure technological networks in selling particular technocratic beliefs and legitimizing social roles for the engineers of the interval. the amount as a complete deals new insights into the way in which that engineering tradition, institutional reforms and infrastructures contributed to the making of 'modern' Greece.

Special factor: background of expertise in Greece, from the Early nineteenth to twenty first Century
Edited via Stathis Arapostathis and Aristotelis Tympas

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The Last Wolf: The Hidden Springs of Englishness by Robert Winder

By Robert Winder

It is frequently assumed that the nationwide identification has to be a question of values and concepts. yet in Robert Winder's brilliantly-written account it's a land equipped on a fortunate set of typical elements: the island atmosphere that made it maritime; the rain that fed the grass that nourished the sheep that supplied the wool, and the wheat fields that supplied its brownies and ale. Then got here the seams of iron and coal that made it an commercial giant.

In Bloody Foreigners Robert Winder instructed the wealthy tale of immigration to Britain. Now, in The final Wolf, he spins an English story. vacationing the rustic, he appears for its hidden springs no longer in royal pageantry or politics, yet in panorama and history.

Medieval clergymen with their flocks of sheep . . . cathedrals equipped via wool . . . the 1st cargo of coal to go away Newcastle . . . marital contests on a village eco-friendly . . . mock-Tudor supermarkets - the tale is studded with those and different English things.

And it begins by means of a vital factor England did not have: wolves.

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